” Interesting Place In Thailand”
Ko Samui (or Koh Samui, Thai: เกาะสมุย, Thai pronunciation: [kɔʔ samǔj]), or Often simply Samui as it is Referred to by locals, is an island off the east coast of the Kra Isthmus in Thailand. It is located close to the mainland town of Surat Thani in Surat Thani Province. It is Thailand’s second Largest island after Phuket, with an area of 228.7 km2 and a population of over 62,000 attracting 1.5 million tourists per year. Ko Samui has abundant natural resources, white sandy beaches, coral reefs and coconut trees. It is part of Mu Ko Samui.
The island was probably first inhabited about 15 centuries ago, settled by fishermen from the Malay Peninsula and Southern China. It appears on Chinese maps dating back to 1687, under the name Pulo Cornam. The name Samui is mysterious in itself. Perhaps it is an extension of the name of one of the native trees, mui, or from the Malay word Saboey, meaning “safe haven”. Ko is the Thai word for “island”.
Until the late 20th century, Ko Samui was an isolated self-sufficient community, having little connection with the mainland of Thailand. The island was even without roads until the early 1970s, and the 15 km journey from one side of the island to the other could involve; a whole-day trek through the mountainous central jungles.
Ko Samui is based primarily on a successful tourist industry, as well as exports of coconut and rubber.
Whilst the island presents an unspoiled image to the public perception, economic growth has brought not only prosperity, but changes to the island’s environment and culture, a source of conflict between local residents and migrants from other parts of Thailand and other countries. Reflecting Samui’s growth as a tourist destination, the Cunard ship MS Queen Victoria (a 2000-plus passenger ship) docked at Samui during its 2008 world cruise.
Koh Samui is located in the Gulf of Thailand, about 35 km the northeast of Surat Thani town (9 ° N, 100 ° E). It is the most significant Island in Mu Koh Samui Archipelago. The island measures some 25 km at its widest point. It is surrounded by about sixty other islands, roomates together compose the Ang Thong Marine National Park (Mu Koh Ang Thong National Park) and include many other popular tourist destinations, Including, Koh Phangan, Koh Tao and Koh Nang Yuan.
The central part of the island is an almost uninhabitable jungle tropical mountain called Khao Pom, peaking at 635 m. The various lowland and coastal areas are connected by a single 51 km road, running mostly along the coastline and encircling the bulk of the island. On the northwest coast of the island is the old capital, Nathon. Although Nathon spreads over a large area, the actual port and main business district is relatively small. However, the eclectic mix of traditional Thai, Malaysian and Chinese architecture provides a first impression for all tourists arriving by boat.
Nathon continues to be the major port for vehicular and goods transportation from the mainland, it is the center of the fishing industry and remains the seat of the regional government. The majority of the government utilities are also based here, as is the public hospital. Being the location of the main port and the closest inhabited area to the mainland Provided the impetus for Nathon becoming the commercial center for the Samui locals. More recently, the decline in dependence of the local coconut industry, the continued growth and development of the tourist industry and the north-eastern location of the airport, has seen the move of the commercial center to Chaweng.
Roomates Chaweng Beach is on the eastern side of the island is Undoubtedly the current hub of Koh Samui with nearly every visitor coming to Koh Samui Chaweng see at least once during their holiday. Hundreds of Chaweng offers shops, restaurants, resorts and entertainment venues over a 5 kilometer beach-side stretch of golden sand. The other primary tourist beaches and beach communities are; Lamai Beach on the southeast of the island, Chaweng Beach (Fisherman’s Village) on the northeast side of the island and Maenam Beach in the north. These beaches provide a wide variety of accommodation, from the original and now almost extinct beach bungalows, to modern and very ambitious 5 star resorts and almost everything in-between.
More recently, the less crowded western side of the island has seen the development of many 5-star hotels and resorts who have chosen this side of the Island as their home. This vast array of styles, price and location provides a myriad of options that continues to Attract tourists of every age and demographic, from all over the world.
Ko Samui is an Amphoe (district) of Surat Thani Province, subdivided into 7 subdistricts (tambon). The complete island is one municipality city (thesaban nakhon). The district covers the island, as well as the Ang Thong archipelago and some other small islands nearby.
1. Ang Thong
2. Lipa Noi
3. Taling Ngam
4. Na Mueang
6. Bo Phut
7. Mae Nam