” Thailand “
Royal Thai (Thai official name: ราช อาณาจักร ไทย Ratcha Anachak Thai, or Prathet Thai), which is more commonly referred to Thailand in English, or in the original Mueang Thai (pronounced “go-thai”, the same as the English version, meaning “Thai state”), is a country in Southeast Asia that borders with Laos and Cambodia to the east, Malaysia and the Gulf of Siam to the south, and Myanmar and the Andaman Sea in the west. Thai royal formerly known as Siam until May 11, 1949. The word “Thai” (ไทย) means “freedom” in the Thai language, but can also refer to the Thai tribe, thus causing the name Siam is still in use among Thai citizens, especially the Chinese minority.
After enjoying the highest growth rate in the world from 1985 to 1995 – an average of 9% annually – increased speculative pressure against the Royal Thai currency, baht, in 1997 led to a crisis that exposed weaknesses in the financial sector and forced the government to float the Baht. After a long set at the value of 25 Baht to one U.S. dollar, baht reached its lowest point in the range of 56 baht in January 1998 and the economy fell by 10.2% in the same year. The crisis then spread to the Asian financial crisis.
Thai kingdom enters the recovery stage in 1999; rose 4.2% and the economy grew 4.4% in 2000, largely a result of strong exports – which increased about 20% in 2000. Growth had slowed the world economy softened in 2001, but rose again in the following years due to strong growth in the PRC and a few programs in the country as well as stimulants Two Line policy pursued by the government Thaksin Shinawatra. Growth in 2003 is estimated at 6.3%, and is estimated at 8% and 10% in 2004 and 2005.
The tourism sector contributed much to the Royal Thai economy, and the industry is an additional benefit of weakening the Royal Thai Baht and stability. Tourist arrivals in 2002 (10.9 million), representing an increase of 7.3% from the previous year (10.1 million).
Thai kingdom is where lay several different geographical areas. In the north, the situation is mountainous, and its highest point is Doi Inthanon (2,576 m). Northeast Khorat Cover consists of, is bounded on the east by the Mekong river. The central region of the state is dominated Chao Phraya river valley that is almost entirely flat, and flows into the Gulf of Thailand. In the south there is a Kra Isthmus that widens into the Malay Peninsula.
Local weather is tropical and characterized by monsoons. There monsoon rains, warm and cloudy from the southwest between mid-May and September, and a dry and cool monsoon from the northeast from November to mid-March. Isthmus in the south is always hot and humid. Major cities besides the capital city of Bangkok include Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Chiang Mai, and Songkhla.
Kingdom of Thailand bordering Laos and Myanmar in the north, with Malaysia and the Gulf of Siam in the south, with Myanmar and the East Sea in the west and with Laos and Cambodia to the east. Its geographical coordinates are 5 ° -21 ° N and 97 ° -106 ° E
The king has little direct power under the constitution but is protective Kingdom of Thai Buddhism and a symbol of national identity and unity. The current reigning king with great respect and is considered a leader in terms of morale, something that has been used on several occasions to resolve the political crisis. head of government is the Prime Minister, who inaugurated the king of the members of parliament and leader of the majority party usually is.
Royal Thai parliament using a two-room system called the National Assembly or Rathasapha – รัฐสภา, which consists of the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon – สภา ผู้แทนราษฎร) consisting of 480 people and the Senate (Wuthisapha – วุฒิสภา) consisting of 150 people. Members of the House of Representatives serve for a term of four years, while senators serve for a term of six years. Highest judicial body is the Supreme Court (Sandika – ศาลฎีกา), which prosecutors appointed by the king. The Thai monarchy is also an active member of ASEAN.
Royal Thai population is dominated by ethnic Thai and Lao ethnic, which amounts to three quarters of the entire population. There are also large communities of ethnic Chinese who are historical big role in the economic field. Other ethnic groups include Malays in the south, Mon, Khmer and various hill tribes.
Approximately 95% of the population is Royal Thai Theravada Buddhists flow, but there is a small minority of Muslims, Christians and Hindus. Thai Language Thai is the national language of the Kingdom, which has its own script, but there are also many other regional languages. English is also widely taught in schools.
Muay Thai, a type of martial art style of the Royal Thai kickboxing, is the national sport in the Royal Thai and a local martial arts. Its popularity peaked worldwide in the 1990s. There is also a martial art similar to Muay Thai in other countries in Southeast Asia.
Speech reception is common in Thai kingdom was called wai gesture, a movement similar to the movement of prayer. Taboo things done in between touching someone’s head and pointing with the feet, as the head and foot of each part of the body at the top and bottom.
Royal Thai Cuisine mixing four basic tastes: sweet, spicy, sour and salty.
Prestigious sports event in southeast Asia Southeast Asian Games 2007 was held in Nakhon Ratchasima, Royal Thai from December 6 to December 15, 2007. This is the sixth time, Thai kingdom to host the Southeast Asian Games. And the Southeast Asian Games 2009 Royal Thai leads the standings in the first position.